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耳穴贴压技术对新型冠状病毒肺炎患者失眠症状的影响
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中国中医科学院中央级公益性科研院所基本科研业务费


Influence of auricular point pressing with bean on insomnia in patients with COVID-19
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    摘要:

    目的 探索耳穴贴压技术对新型冠状病毒肺炎患者失眠症状的影响。方法 便利选取2020年2月至3月在武汉市金银潭医院南一区、综五区住院的62名新型冠状病毒肺炎失眠患者,随机分为试验组与对照组。试验组为常规治疗基础上联合耳穴贴压技术,对照组采用常规治疗。耳穴贴压选择单侧耳,取心、神门、交感、神经衰弱区、上肺、下肺、平喘穴等穴位,每周两次,共观察14天。干预前采用自行设计的一般资料问卷评价患者的一般情况,干预前后分别采用失眠严重程度指数量表(ISI)、抑郁自评量表(SDS)、焦虑自评量表(SAS)、Kolcaba舒适状况量表评价患者的失眠严重程度、抑郁、焦虑及舒适状况。结果 患者一般资料中氧疗组间比较差异具有统计学差异(χ2=12.579,P=0.000);干预前后两组失眠严重程度指数量表总分变化值组间比较差异有统计学意义(Z=-3.662,P=0.000),根据氧疗进行分层分析,干预前后两组失眠严重程度指数量表总分变化值组间比较差异有统计学意义(t=3.877,P=0.000),试验组组内比较差异有统计学意义(Z=-4.247,P=0.000);干预前后两组焦虑自评量表、抑郁自评量表及Kolcaba舒适状况量表评分变化值组间比较差异无统计学意义(P>0.05);干预前后试验组焦虑自评量表总分组内比较差异有统计学意义(Z=-2.673,P=0.008)。结论 耳穴贴压技术能有效改善新型冠状病毒肺炎患者的失眠症状,改善其因失眠导致的焦虑情绪,耳穴贴压技术值得推广应用。。

    Abstract:

    Objective To explore the influence of auricular point pressing with bean on insomnia in patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Method All patients with COVID-19 suffering from insomnia who were coming from the South-first-district and general-five-district inpatient wards of Jin Yintan hospital, Wu Han from February to March, 2020. Sixty-two patients were included in the study. Based on the conventional treatment, using auricular point pressing with bean in experimental group, while only using conventional treatment in control group. The auricular acupoints in one ear were selected with heart, shenmen, sympathetic, neurasthenia, upper lung, lower lung, and anti-asthma etc., twice a week for 14 days. The general information questionnaire was used to evaluate the general condition of the patients before the intervention. The insomnia severity index (ISI), self-rating Depression Scale (SDS), self-rating Anxiety Scale (SAS) and Kolcaba Comfort Scale were used to evaluate the severity of insomnia, depression, anxiety and comfort status before and after the intervention. Results In general data of patients, there was a statistically significant difference on oxygen therapy between groups (χ2= 12.579, P = 0.000). Before and after the intervention, there was a significant difference on the total score of insomnia severity index between the two groups (Z=-3.662, P=0.000). According to the stratified analysis of oxygen therapy, the total score of ISI between the two groups before and after the intervention was statistically different(t=3.877,P=0.000). Through intra group comparison, there was a significant difference in experimental group on the total score of ISI(Z= -4.247, P = 0.000) . There was no significant difference in the scores of SDS, SAS and Kolcaba Comfort scale between the two groups before and after the intervention (P > 0.05); there was a significant difference in experimental group of anxiety scale before and after the intervention (z = -2.673, P = 0.008). Conclusion Auricular acupoint compression can effectively improve the symptoms of insomnia in covid-19 patients, and improve the anxiety caused by insomnia in covid-19 patients. Auricular acupoint compression technique is worth promoting and applying.

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李静,谢晓磊,赵楠,宋丽波,景静,廖娟.耳穴贴压技术对新型冠状病毒肺炎患者失眠症状的影响[OL]. NursRxiv,2020,
DOI:10.12209/issn2708-3845.20200723002

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  • 收稿日期:2020-07-23
  • 最后修改日期:2020-07-23
  • 录用日期:2020-07-24
  • 在线发布日期: 2020-07-25
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