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农村地区少数民族乳腺癌患者早期筛查意愿及影响因素的质性研究
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1.贵州中医药大学;2.贵州中医药大学第二附属医院 体检中心

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A qualitative research on the willingness and influencing factors of participating in early screening among ethnic minority patients with breast cancer in rural areas
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1.Guizhou University of Traditional Chinese Medicine,Guiyang,Guizhou;2.Health Examination Center,The Second Affiliated Hospital of Guizhou University of Traditional Chinese Medicine,Guiyang,Guizhou

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    摘要:

    目的 了解农村地区少数民族乳腺癌患者参与早期筛查的意愿和影响因素。方法 于2022年1月—6月运用现象学研究方法,采用目的抽样的方法选取12例乳腺癌患者进行半结构式回顾性深入访谈,采用Colaizzi现象学资料分析法进行分析。结果 共提炼出4个主题:缺乏对乳腺癌的正确认识;缺乏早期筛查和自查的意识;获取乳腺癌信息的途径单一;不愿意筛查的原因。结论 农村地区少数民族乳腺癌患者早期筛查的情况不容乐观,相关部门应加强普及乳腺癌的相关知识及提高少数民族农村妇女早期筛查的参与率和就医意识,从而降低死亡率。

    Abstract:

    Objective To understand the willingness and influencing factors of participating in early screening among ethnic minority patients with breast cancer in rural areas. Methods Between January 2022 and June 2022, a phenomenological research method was conducted and 12 patients with breast cancer were selected for a semi-structured retrospective interview, and the Colaizzi phenomenological data analysis method was used for analysis. Results Four main themes were extracted: lack of correct understanding of breast cancer; Lack of awareness of early screening and self-examination; Single access to get breast cancer information; Reasons for reluctance to screen. Conclusion The participation in early screening was not optimistic among ethnic minority patients with breast cancer in rural areas. Relevant health departments should strengthen the popularization of breast cancer knowledge and improve the participation rate of early screening among ethnic minority women in rural areas, and improve the awareness of medical treatment for women, thereby reducing the mortality.

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张旋,裴秋萍,游娇娇,黄帅. 2023. 农村地区少数民族乳腺癌患者早期筛查意愿及影响因素的质性研究[DB/OL]. NursRxiv, DOI:10.12209/issn2708-3845.20230111002

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  • 收稿日期:2023-01-11
  • 最后修改日期:2023-01-11
  • 录用日期:2023-01-11
  • 在线发布日期: 2023-01-13
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