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    • ABSTRACT: Objective ? To involve and evaluate the ideological and political education in the basic nursing course, improve the moral sentiments, occupational emotion, sense of value of nursing students and improve the quality of nursing talents training. Methods? The ideological and political education, focusing on? patriotism, sensation of life and humanistic feelings, was integrated into the basic nursing course. The ideological and political education was carried out by varies of methods such as students’ speech and sharing, teachers’ guidance and inspiration, case teaching, encouraged by advance models. Results? After a semester course with ideological and political education, students’ ideological awareness, occupational values, professional quality had been improved. Conclusion ? The? ideological and political education in the basic nursing course? help to improve the ideological awareness, occupational values, professional quality of nursing students.
    • Objective Explore measures to avoid spilling the vaccine solution during the injection of the COVID-19 vaccine. Methods From January 29, 2021 to January 30, 2021, 990 vaccinators were selected as the experimental group by convenient sampling method, and the in-bottle exhaust method was used; 577 vaccinators were selected as the control group, and the conventional exhaust method was used. Observe the incidence of vaccine spillage in the two groups during exhaust. Results The incidence of external spilling in the experimental group was 0%, and that in the control group was 7.28%. The incidence of external spilling in the experimental group was lower than that in the control group, and the data difference between groups was statistically significant (P<0.05). Conclusion Implementing the in-bottle exhaust method in the vaccine injection can effectively reduce the incidence of liquid spills, reduce nucleic acid pollution, and ensure that the vaccine is injected at the prescribed dose. At the same time, the operation is simple and easy, which improves the nurse""s vaccination efficiency, and has a higher promotion and application value.
    • To further accelerate COVID-19 mild disease patients to cure, reduce light illness to severe development, play the synergy between medical care and nursing, Beijing Administration of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) commissioned the Beijing Office of TCM Nursing Capacity Improvement Project and Beijing TCM Nursing Quality Control Center to organize the specialized group to compile Nursing Specification of Integrated Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine for Mild and Common Patients with COVID-19.This specification elaborates in detail the nursing contents of integrated traditional Chinese and Western medicine for mild and common patients with COVID-19, including clinical classification, etiology and pathogenesis, prevention and control measures, nursing measures, etc. Among them, nursing measures include disease observation, medication nursing, diet nursing, emotional nursing, exercise nursing and appropriate techniques of TCM nursing. This specification is convenient for clinical nurses in various medical institutions to use for reference, and provides a reference for clinical application of integrated traditional Chinese and western medicine nursing to fight against COVID-19.
    • 目的 系统评价中药外敷联合西药治疗类风湿关节炎的临床效果,为其临床治疗及研究提供循证参考。方法 计算机检索中国知网(CNKI)、中国生物医学文献数据库(CBM)、万方数据库、维普数据库(VIP)中的相关文献,对符合纳入标准的研究进行资料提取后,采用Rev Man 5.3进行Meta分析。结果 共纳入文献27篇,总样本量2481例,Meta分析结果显示,中药外敷联合西药治疗组与单纯西药治疗组相比能提高治疗效果 [OR=3.33,95%CI(2.59,4.28),Z=9.44,P<0.05],且在症状体征如晨僵时间[OR=-17.36,95%CI(-23.62,-11.10),Z=5.43,P<0.05],疼痛缓解情况 [OR=-1.34,95%CI(-2.13,-0.05),Z=3.34,P<0.05]以及实验室指标如类风湿因子[OR=-14.04,95%CI(-24.43,-6.66),Z=3.73,P<0.05]、C反应蛋白[OR=-5.90,95%CI(-8.11,-3.69),Z=5.23,P<0.05]、红细胞沉降率[OR=-6.03,95%CI(-8.26,-3.80),Z=5.29,P<0.05]方面,中药外敷联合西药治疗组均优于单纯西药治疗组,而在药物不良反应方面,两组差异无统计学意义[OR=1.14,95%CI(0.47,2.76),Z=0.30,P>0.05]。结论 国内研究显示,中药外敷联合西药治疗类风湿关节炎在缓解患者临床症状,改善患者病情方面效果显著,值得临床进一步推广与应用。
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      • CHEN Rujuan, DONG Yuxia, WANG Yali, QIN Shasha, E Haiyan, WEI Yongchun, TANG Ling

        Publication date:2021-12-07, DOI: 10.12209/issn2708-3845.20211204004

        Classification :Traditional Chinese medicine nursing-internal medical nursing of TCM

        Abstract:This paper summarized the nursing experience of auricular plaster therapy combined with abdominal acupoint massage in the treatment of 1 case of constipation after mixed hemorrhoids operation. The patients were treated with auricular point sticking combined with abdominal acupoint massage, and the constipation scoring system and Bristol Stool Scale were used to evaluate the effect of defecation after operation, the symptoms of postoperative constipation were improved obviously, and the pain and the risk of postoperative bleeding were reduced.

      • LIU Zhenjuan, LIU Shuhong, YAN Kang

        Publication date:2021-12-07, DOI: 10.12209/issn2708-3845.20211205001

        Classification :Traditional Chinese medicine nursing-internal medical nursing of TCM

        Abstract:Objective: To observe the effect of traditional Chinese medicine wet compress therapy on skin rash in patients with lung cancer after using immune preparation (pabolizumab). Methods: a patient with lung cancer who had skin rash after using immune agents was collected and treated with traditional Chinese medicine wet compress to alleviate its symptoms. Results: after wet compress with traditional Chinese medicine, the skin lesions decreased, the degree of pruritus decreased, and the color of melanin deposition became lighter. Conclusion: Traditional Chinese medicine wet compress therapy has a significant effect on skin rash after immunosuppression, so as to improve the quality of life of patients.

      • 中国中医药信息学会

        Publication date:2021-12-03, DOI: 10.12209/issn2708-3845.20211203007

        Classification :Traditional Chinese medicine nursing-TCM nursing and others

        Abstract:The “Functional specification of the information system for clinical Nursing in Traditional Chinese Medicine”puts forward the goals, tasks, principles, system architecture, interface management and system security of the TCM clinical nursing information system. This standard applies to the development and application of clinical nursing information systems in Chinese medicine hospitals in medical and health institutions.

      • 深圳市市场监督管理局

        Publication date:2021-12-03, DOI: 10.12209/issn2708-3845.20211203006

        Classification :Specialist nursing-community nursing

        Abstract:As an extension of medical institutions, home nursing provides professional and convenient nursing services for patients with care needs. It can be used as the continuation and supplement of inpatient treatment mode to achieve the goal of disease prevention, health promotion and health maintenance.At present, due to the lack of unified requirements of home nursing service content, service process, service requirements and service guarantee, it is difficult to standardize the management of home nursing for a long time.In order to clarify the connotation, service content, service requirements, service process, personnel requirements and facilities and equipment requirements of home nursing, the Document "Home Nursing Service Specification" is formulated, which is proposed and centralized by Shenzhen Municipal Health Commission.This document defines the service principles, service content and requirements, service process and service guarantee of home care services.The document is applicable to the service provision of the home care service team mainly relying on community health service institutions within the jurisdiction of Shenzhen, and the home care service team mainly relying on other medical institutions can be implemented by reference.

      • 辽宁省民营企业协会标准化管理委员会

        Publication date:2021-12-03, DOI: 10.12209/issn2708-3845.20211203005

        Classification :Specialist nursing-hygienic and health care

        Abstract:The technical Specifications for Postpartum Nursing care are proposed and centralized by the Standardization Management Committee of Liaoning Association of Private Enterprises.The document set the requirement of technology of postpartum lactation nursing of relevant enterprise inside association of private enterprise of Liaoning province, described corresponding proof method.This document is applicable to postpartum nursing care of relevant enterprises within the Association.

      • Hunan Market Supervision Administration

        Publication date:2021-12-03, DOI: 10.12209/issn2708-3845.20211203004

        Classification :Specialist nursing-community nursing

        Abstract:The document "Specification of Community Home-based Nursing Service" is proposed by hunan Provincial Civil Affairs Department and centralized by Hunan Provincial Technical Committee of Standardization of Nursing Service.The document stipulates the basic requirements, management requirements, service content and requirements, service process, evaluation and continuous improvement of community home care services.This document is applicable to all kinds of institutions that rely on community care resources to provide community home care services.Community home-based care services contracted by family doctors provided by primary medical and health institutions are not applicable to this standard.

      • Chinese Stomatological Association

        Publication date:2021-12-03, DOI: 10.12209/issn2708-3845.20211203003

        Classification :Specialist nursing-stomatology nursing

        Abstract:Dental implant restoration has completely changed the supporting and retaining mode of traditional denture restoration, and realized the biological and mechanical combination of artificial teeth and jaw.In recent years, oral implant repair technology has achieved rapid development, and the number of patients receiving diagnosis and treatment is increasing year by year. This method has become the preferred repair method for patients with dentition defect and dentition loss, and patients"" expectations for oral diagnosis and treatment services are also increasing.High quality dental diagnosis and treatment service not only includes the doctor""s exquisite diagnosis and treatment technology, but also includes skilled nursing operation.In the process of implant restoration, the professional skill level of nursing staff is very important.Oral health of Chinese stomatological association professional committee of experts has been discussed fully, develop the oral implant prosthesis clinical nursing expert consensus, provides for oral implant prosthesis) (especially dental implants with the essentials of nursing cooperation process, in order to all kinds of medical institutions at all levels in oral implant prosthesis operation nursing staff to provide guidance,Standardize the clinical operation process of this technology and promote its popularization and application.

      • 广东省精准医学应用学会

        Publication date:2021-12-03, DOI: 10.12209/issn2708-3845.20211203002

        Classification :Nursing-nursing and other disciplines

        Abstract:This standard proposes terms and definitions, system framework, basic requirements for practitioners, basic guarantees, technical paths and ethical considerations for precision nursing. This standard applies to standardizing and unifying the interpretation of precision nursing definitions and technical pathways by precision nursing practitioners and institutions, and provides a reference for all practitioners and institutions to carry out precision nursing research and application.

      • LI Suqian, TANG Ling, LI Ye, WANG Huaxin, WANG Chun, LU Lin, ZHAO Xueli, YAO Jianshuang

        Publication date:2021-12-01, DOI: 10.12209/issn2708-3845.20211201001

        Classification :Traditional Chinese medicine nursing-TCM nursing and others

        Abstract:This paper summarized the effect of hot compress technique with Chinese herbal medicine package in a patient with knee osteoarthritis and related nursing management. Health education, hot compress technique with Chinese herbal medicine package and continuous nursing were carried out to relieve the joint pain symptoms of the. The visual scale of Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC scale) was used as the evaluation standard. The scores of WOMAC scale decreased, the scores of pain, stiffness and daily activity decreased, and the clinical symptoms improved after intervention. The hot compress technique with Chinese herbal medicine package is potentially effective to alleviate the joint symptoms of patients with knee osteoarthritis, delay the development of the disease and improve the quality of life.

      • WANG chun, TANG ling, LI Ye, ZHAO Lixue, LI Suqian

        Publication date:2021-11-30, DOI: 10.12209/issn2708-3845.20211130001

        Classification :Traditional Chinese medicine nursing-internal medical nursing of TCM

        Abstract:本文总结了1例耳穴贴压治疗痛风的相关护理经验,包括生活护理、饮食指导、心理干预以及耳穴贴压的操作方法和注意事项,通过科学的评估,辨证取穴,开展针对性护理干预,有助于缓解患者痛风症状,减轻疼痛,改善日常生活能力。

      • LIN Keke, WANG Huifeng, YANG Lili, YAN Lijiao, WANG Juan

        Publication date:2021-11-29, DOI: 10.12209/issn2708-3845.20211129001

        Classification :Nursing-nursing pedagogy

        Abstract:Objective To construct an integrative pre-hospital emergency care course in a certain Traditional Chinese Medicine university. Methods The expert consultation form was designed based on training materials of pre-hospital emergency care and literature review. Suggestions and comments were collected from twenty clinicians and faculty members with expertise in pre-hospital emergency care training. Results Forty-two items were selected as the teaching content by the two-round consultation. The credit hours, teaching methods and the selection criteria for clinical teachers were also finalized. Conclusion The integrative pre-hospital emergency care course constructed by the two-round expert consultation is scientifically sound. It can serve as a reference for other universities when constructing a similar course.

      • LU lin, TANG ling, LI Ye, LI Suqian

        Publication date:2021-11-26, DOI: 10.12209/issn2708-3845.20211126001

        Classification :Traditional Chinese medicine nursing-TCM nursing and others

        Abstract:本文总结了强直性脊柱炎(AS)的相关护理经验,包括艾灸、中药热奄包的操作方法和注意事项以及针对性的生活指导、饮食调护、功能锻炼、心理干预等护理措施。基于中医理论指导,开展艾灸及中药热奄包干预有助于改善AS患者疼痛症状,改善腰部功能,提高日常活动能力。

      • WANG Shangying

        Publication date:2021-11-26, DOI: 10.12209/issn2708-3845.20211124003

        Classification :Nursing-basic nursing

        Abstract:Our hospital admitted a case of elderly female, long-term bed, body pressure ulcer, including left hip IV degree pressure ulcer patients, basic nursing, posture nursing, dietary guidance, psychological nursing, focus on wound nursing, the effect is obvious.

      • WANG Guiting, GAO Donghua

        Publication date:2021-11-26, DOI: 10.12209/issn2708-3845.20211124002

        Classification :Nursing-nursing ethics

        Abstract:Cancer is currently one of the three major diseases that endanger human health. Caring for patients with advanced tumors can not only ensure the smooth progress of treatment and increase the treatment rate, but also reduce the suffering of patients and improve the quality of life. The concept of hospice care is: 1. Take care as the center, moderate treatment, control symptoms, relieve pain, eliminate fear and anxiety, and obtain psychosocial support. 2. The purpose is not to extend the survival time, but to improve the quality of life at the end of life. 3. Maintain human dignity and power. 4. Help patients "prepare for death, face death, accept death", the dignity of living and death. 5. Provide bereavement care for the family members of patients.

      • TIAN Wanqin

        Publication date:2021-11-25, DOI: 10.12209/issn2708-3845.20211122004

        Classification :Traditional Chinese medicine nursing-internal medical nursing of TCM

        Abstract:Objective: to observe the effect of Zusanli acupoint injection in treating diabetic peripheral neuropathy, and to provide the basis for making corresponding nursing education. Methods 51 patients with diabetic peripheral neuropathy were divided into treatment group (26 cases) and control group (25 cases) . The control group was given routine treatment, and the treatment group was given 0.5 mg Vitamin B12 injection once a day for 15 days. Results and nursing experience were compared between the two groups. Results the effective rate was 88.5% in the treatment group and 72% in the control group. Conclusion: Zusanli acupoint injection is effective in the treatment of diabetic peripheral neuropathy. Nurses are skilled in daily nursing knowledge and techniques of diabetic peripheral neuropathy, which can relieve the pain of diabetic peripheral neuropathy, improving the quality of life has a better effect.

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      • ZHANG Yue, LIU Shuhong, ZHAO Yanan, ZHAO Yan

        Publication date:2021-12-07, DOI: 10.12209/issn2708-3845.20211204002

        Classification :Traditional Chinese medicine nursing-surgery nursing of TCM

        Abstract:Objective To observe the effect of blood pricking and cupping therapy on herpes zosterin tumor patients. Methods plum olossom was used to prick the Skin from the adiacent skin to the focus of herpes zoster until there was a bleeding point at the pricking site.The bleeding point was cupped,the bleeding juice was pulled out and kept for5-10minutes.Two times a week, two weeks as a course of treatment.Results the application ofplum blossom blood acupuncture combined with cupping therapy alleviated the pain symptoms and accelerated the healing of skin lesions. Conclusion: Plum Blossom blood acupuncture combined with cupping therapy in the treatmentof herpes zosterin tumor patients is helpful to improve the symptoms of postoperative neuralgia and improve the quality of life of patients.

      • LU Xiaoli, LIU Shuhong, HUO Jingjing, LIU Siyuan

        Publication date:2021-12-07, DOI: 10.12209/issn2708-3845.20211204001

        Classification :Traditional Chinese medicine nursing-internal medical nursing of TCM

        Abstract:Objective: to observe the curative effect of a patient with postoperative gastroparesis treated with TCM plaster and moxibustion. Methods: the patient’s zhongwan acupoint was smeared with ointment made from external prescription of gastroparesis, and the acupoints were massaged and massaged. The drug penetration was promoted by manipulation twice a day for 30 minutes each time, two weeks for one session. The moxibustion therapy of Zusanli acupoint was carried out after TCM plaster massage. The moxibustion therapy of Zusanli acupoint was performed once a day for 30 minutes every time for 2 weeks. Results: after 2 weeks, the patients with gastroparesis were removed gastrointestinal decompression tube and enteral nutrition tube. Conclusion: TCM Plaster and moxibustion therapy is helpful to improve the clinical symptoms and quality of life of patients with gastroparesis. It is simple, economical and practical.

      • Liu Hongyan, Yin Kexin, Chen Xiangping, TANG Ling, Li Jinhuan, Duan Yixuan

        Publication date:2021-12-07, DOI: 10.12209/issn2708-3845.20211207001

        Classification :Traditional Chinese medicine nursing-TCM nursing and others

        Abstract:To investigate the nursing effect and observation of ear-tip bloodletting combined with external application of Traditional Chinese medicine in the treatment of early sty.Methods To develop a targeted treatment plan for children, using meridian stimulation and Chinese medicine wet compress combined treatment.Results Ear-tip bloodletting combined with external application of Traditional Chinese medicine can improve the therapeutic effect of children"s sty, and improve the symptoms of early redness, scleroma and pain.Conclusion The application of ear-tip bloodletting combined with external application of Traditional Chinese medicine in the treatment of early childhood staphylococcus can relieve symptoms quickly compared with conventional antibiotic eye drops combined with local hot compress, which is worthy of clinical application.

      • LIU Siyuan, LIU Shuhong, HUO Jingjing, LU Xiaoli

        Publication date:2021-12-07, DOI: 10.12209/issn2708-3845.20211204003

        Classification :Traditional Chinese medicine nursing-surgery nursing of TCM

        Abstract:Objective: To investigate the effect of anal dripping therapy on adhesive ileus.Methods: In order to improve the symptoms of abdominal pain and abdominal distension, a patient with adhesive ileus was treated with anal drip therapy.Results: The symptoms of abdominal pain and abdominal distension were relieved and the quality of life was improved obviously by using the anal drip therapy.Conclusion: The anal drip therapy of Traditional Chinese medicine can achieve the expected therapeutic effect and is worthy of clinical application.

      • CAI Xuechen

        Publication date:2021-12-07, DOI: 10.12209/issn2708-3845.20211203008

        Classification :Traditional Chinese medicine nursing-internal medical nursing of TCM

        Abstract:To describe the literature on the application of traditional Chinese medicine wax therapy in the department of encephalopathy and evaluate the advantages of this technology in the department of encephalopathy.

      • DING Ning, CAO Chengjun, WANG Aiying

        Publication date:2021-12-07, DOI: 10.12209/issn2708-3845.20211203001

        Classification :Specialist nursing-community nursing

        Abstract:Objective To understand community-dwelling residents'' cognitive level of knowledge about Traditional Chinese Medicine(TCM), and to observe the influence of "Smart Doctor" system on the cognition level of community-dwelling residents. Methods To select residents form a certain community in Beijing as the object of investigation, using a self-made questionnaire to conduct a survey. Results The results showed that the residents had a relatively high level of cognition of TCM nursing, especially the knowledge related to decoction. The community residents'' cognition level of “knowledge about moxibustion" was relatively insufficient (rate of incomprehension was 54.55%). The cognitive level of residents using “Smart Doctor " system which provided by family doctors was significantly higher than that of non-users P<0.01), and the cognitive level of " knowledge about moxibustion " was significantly higher than that of non-users (P<0.01). Conclusion The use of the " Smart Doctor" system to carry out targeted publicity and education of TCM nursing knowledge is helpful to improve the cognitive level of community residents.

      • WANG Xinyue, MA Xu, ZHANG Pin, XU Bing, TANG Ling

        Publication date:2021-12-07, DOI: 10.12209/issn2708-3845.20211206001

        Classification :Traditional Chinese medicine nursing-internal medical nursing of TCM

        Abstract:ABSTRACT: This paper summarized the nursing experience of a patient with insomnia who received a massage combined with auricular point sticking and pressing therapy. Based on the routine nursing interventions, massage technique was applied once a day for 10 days. The patient was taught with the correct method of conducting auricular point sticking and pressing therapy. The patient’s sleep quality was evaluated by Pittsburgh sleep quality index (PSQI) and Athens Insomnia Scale (AIS) daily. After 10 days of intervention, a relief of insomnia was observed in the patient with prolonged sleep time and increased sleep quality.

      • CHEN Rujuan, DONG Yuxia, WANG Yali, QIN Shasha, E Haiyan, WEI Yongchun, TANG Ling

        Publication date:2021-12-07, DOI: 10.12209/issn2708-3845.20211204004

        Classification :Traditional Chinese medicine nursing-internal medical nursing of TCM

        Abstract:This paper summarized the nursing experience of auricular plaster therapy combined with abdominal acupoint massage in the treatment of 1 case of constipation after mixed hemorrhoids operation. The patients were treated with auricular point sticking combined with abdominal acupoint massage, and the constipation scoring system and Bristol Stool Scale were used to evaluate the effect of defecation after operation, the symptoms of postoperative constipation were improved obviously, and the pain and the risk of postoperative bleeding were reduced.

      • LIU Zhenjuan, LIU Shuhong, YAN Kang

        Publication date:2021-12-07, DOI: 10.12209/issn2708-3845.20211205001

        Classification :Traditional Chinese medicine nursing-internal medical nursing of TCM

        Abstract:Objective: To observe the effect of traditional Chinese medicine wet compress therapy on skin rash in patients with lung cancer after using immune preparation (pabolizumab). Methods: a patient with lung cancer who had skin rash after using immune agents was collected and treated with traditional Chinese medicine wet compress to alleviate its symptoms. Results: after wet compress with traditional Chinese medicine, the skin lesions decreased, the degree of pruritus decreased, and the color of melanin deposition became lighter. Conclusion: Traditional Chinese medicine wet compress therapy has a significant effect on skin rash after immunosuppression, so as to improve the quality of life of patients.

      • Publication date:2021-12-03, DOI: 10.12209/issn2708-3845.20211203007

        Classification :Traditional Chinese medicine nursing-TCM nursing and others

        Abstract:The “Functional specification of the information system for clinical Nursing in Traditional Chinese Medicine”puts forward the goals, tasks, principles, system architecture, interface management and system security of the TCM clinical nursing information system. This standard applies to the development and application of clinical nursing information systems in Chinese medicine hospitals in medical and health institutions.

      • Publication date:2021-12-03, DOI: 10.12209/issn2708-3845.20211203006

        Classification :Specialist nursing-community nursing

        Abstract:As an extension of medical institutions, home nursing provides professional and convenient nursing services for patients with care needs. It can be used as the continuation and supplement of inpatient treatment mode to achieve the goal of disease prevention, health promotion and health maintenance.At present, due to the lack of unified requirements of home nursing service content, service process, service requirements and service guarantee, it is difficult to standardize the management of home nursing for a long time.In order to clarify the connotation, service content, service requirements, service process, personnel requirements and facilities and equipment requirements of home nursing, the Document "Home Nursing Service Specification" is formulated, which is proposed and centralized by Shenzhen Municipal Health Commission.This document defines the service principles, service content and requirements, service process and service guarantee of home care services.The document is applicable to the service provision of the home care service team mainly relying on community health service institutions within the jurisdiction of Shenzhen, and the home care service team mainly relying on other medical institutions can be implemented by reference.

      • Publication date:2021-12-03, DOI: 10.12209/issn2708-3845.20211203005

        Classification :Specialist nursing-hygienic and health care

        Abstract:The technical Specifications for Postpartum Nursing care are proposed and centralized by the Standardization Management Committee of Liaoning Association of Private Enterprises.The document set the requirement of technology of postpartum lactation nursing of relevant enterprise inside association of private enterprise of Liaoning province, described corresponding proof method.This document is applicable to postpartum nursing care of relevant enterprises within the Association.

      • Hunan Market Supervision Administration

        Publication date:2021-12-03, DOI: 10.12209/issn2708-3845.20211203004

        Classification :Specialist nursing-community nursing

        Abstract:The document "Specification of Community Home-based Nursing Service" is proposed by hunan Provincial Civil Affairs Department and centralized by Hunan Provincial Technical Committee of Standardization of Nursing Service.The document stipulates the basic requirements, management requirements, service content and requirements, service process, evaluation and continuous improvement of community home care services.This document is applicable to all kinds of institutions that rely on community care resources to provide community home care services.Community home-based care services contracted by family doctors provided by primary medical and health institutions are not applicable to this standard.

      • Chinese Stomatological Association

        Publication date:2021-12-03, DOI: 10.12209/issn2708-3845.20211203003

        Classification :Specialist nursing-stomatology nursing

        Abstract:Dental implant restoration has completely changed the supporting and retaining mode of traditional denture restoration, and realized the biological and mechanical combination of artificial teeth and jaw.In recent years, oral implant repair technology has achieved rapid development, and the number of patients receiving diagnosis and treatment is increasing year by year. This method has become the preferred repair method for patients with dentition defect and dentition loss, and patients"" expectations for oral diagnosis and treatment services are also increasing.High quality dental diagnosis and treatment service not only includes the doctor""s exquisite diagnosis and treatment technology, but also includes skilled nursing operation.In the process of implant restoration, the professional skill level of nursing staff is very important.Oral health of Chinese stomatological association professional committee of experts has been discussed fully, develop the oral implant prosthesis clinical nursing expert consensus, provides for oral implant prosthesis) (especially dental implants with the essentials of nursing cooperation process, in order to all kinds of medical institutions at all levels in oral implant prosthesis operation nursing staff to provide guidance,Standardize the clinical operation process of this technology and promote its popularization and application.

      • Publication date:2021-12-03, DOI: 10.12209/issn2708-3845.20211203002

        Classification :Nursing-nursing and other disciplines

        Abstract:This standard proposes terms and definitions, system framework, basic requirements for practitioners, basic guarantees, technical paths and ethical considerations for precision nursing. This standard applies to standardizing and unifying the interpretation of precision nursing definitions and technical pathways by precision nursing practitioners and institutions, and provides a reference for all practitioners and institutions to carry out precision nursing research and application.

      • LI Suqian, TANG Ling, LI Ye, WANG Huaxin, WANG Chun, LU Lin, ZHAO Xueli, YAO Jianshuang

        Publication date:2021-12-01, DOI: 10.12209/issn2708-3845.20211201001

        Classification :Traditional Chinese medicine nursing-TCM nursing and others

        Abstract:This paper summarized the effect of hot compress technique with Chinese herbal medicine package in a patient with knee osteoarthritis and related nursing management. Health education, hot compress technique with Chinese herbal medicine package and continuous nursing were carried out to relieve the joint pain symptoms of the. The visual scale of Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC scale) was used as the evaluation standard. The scores of WOMAC scale decreased, the scores of pain, stiffness and daily activity decreased, and the clinical symptoms improved after intervention. The hot compress technique with Chinese herbal medicine package is potentially effective to alleviate the joint symptoms of patients with knee osteoarthritis, delay the development of the disease and improve the quality of life.

      • Xie Zhenyao, Tang Rui, Zhang Jingjing

        Publication date:2020-08-21, DOI:10.12209/issn2708-3845.20200821002

        Classification :Specialist nursing-surgery nursing

        Abstract:Perioperative blood glucose management is closely related to the preoperative, intraoperative and postoperative blood glucose level control is one of the important objectives of perioperative blood glucose nursing management.The perioperative blood glucose in patients with diabetes care management has a lot of research reports, but in view of the different advantages and disadvantages of each management style, therefore, in this paper, the relatively mature perioperative blood sugar diabetes patients nursing management mode is summarized, to find suitable for clinical diabetes patients perioperative nursing management mode, blood sugar for surgical nursing managers of the perioperative blood glucose control patients nursing management method to provide reference for the rich types and perfect rapid rehabilitation specialist nurse surgical care system to provide the reference.

      • Han Yuan, Liu Qin, Wang shuaiying

        Publication date:2021-01-20, DOI:10.12209/issn2708-3845.20210120001

        Classification :Specialist nursing-community nursing

        Abstract:目的:本研究通过文献查阅方式,目的是从延续性护理实施现况、涵盖范围、人员现况三个方面了解我国延续性护理发展现状,为延续性护理进一步的研究提供思路和方向。方法:本文在中国知网、万方医学、重庆维普,Pubmed等网站上以“延续性护理”或“transitional care”为关键词或主题词,搜索有关国内外延续性护理的论文,选取近五年来引用次数较高的的文章。结果:实施状况:目前延续性护理开展较为普遍,延续性护理服务中心的建立取得了积极的效果。涵盖范围:延续性护理主要运用于慢性疾病护理,但近年来,延续性护理也推广至外科术后、PICC置管后、产褥期等方面。人员现况:我国延续性护理对护理人员尚未有明确要求,大多未经过专业培训,多为临床各科室护士担任。结论:我国延续性护理正在快速普及和发展,但发展过程中也存在不可忽视的问题。医院在大力推行延续性护理时,要着重解决目前存在的问题,以便更好的实施延续性护理,进而为我国人口老龄化的现状提供更好的医疗护理服务。

      • ZHI Hui, XU Jingjin, LI Ye, ZHENG Wei, LIU Jinjing, TANG Ling

        Publication date:2021-02-16, DOI:10.12209/issn2708-3845.20210208001

        Classification :Nursing technology-diagnosis and treatment technology

        Abstract:Objective Explore measures to avoid spilling the vaccine solution during the injection of the COVID-19 vaccine. Methods From January 29, 2021 to January 30, 2021, 990 vaccinators were selected as the experimental group by convenient sampling method, and the in-bottle exhaust method was used; 577 vaccinators were selected as the control group, and the conventional exhaust method was used. Observe the incidence of vaccine spillage in the two groups during exhaust. Results The incidence of external spilling in the experimental group was 0%, and that in the control group was 7.28%. The incidence of external spilling in the experimental group was lower than that in the control group, and the data difference between groups was statistically significant (P<0.05). Conclusion Implementing the in-bottle exhaust method in the vaccine injection can effectively reduce the incidence of liquid spills, reduce nucleic acid pollution, and ensure that the vaccine is injected at the prescribed dose. At the same time, the operation is simple and easy, which improves the nurse""s vaccination efficiency, and has a higher promotion and application value.

      • Li Jing, Xie Xiaolei, Zhao Nan, Song Libo, Jing Jing, Liao Juan

        Publication date:2020-07-25, DOI:10.12209/issn2708-3845.20200723002

        Classification :Traditional Chinese medicine nursing-internal medical nursing of TCM

        Abstract:Objective To explore the influence of auricular point pressing with bean on insomnia in patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Method All patients with COVID-19 suffering from insomnia who were coming from the South-first-district and general-five-district inpatient wards of Jin Yintan hospital, Wu Han from February to March, 2020. Sixty-two patients were included in the study. Based on the conventional treatment, using auricular point pressing with bean in experimental group, while only using conventional treatment in control group. The auricular acupoints in one ear were selected with heart, shenmen, sympathetic, neurasthenia, upper lung, lower lung, and anti-asthma etc., twice a week for 14 days. The general information questionnaire was used to evaluate the general condition of the patients before the intervention. The insomnia severity index (ISI), self-rating Depression Scale (SDS), self-rating Anxiety Scale (SAS) and Kolcaba Comfort Scale were used to evaluate the severity of insomnia, depression, anxiety and comfort status before and after the intervention. Results In general data of patients, there was a statistically significant difference on oxygen therapy between groups (χ2= 12.579, P = 0.000). Before and after the intervention, there was a significant difference on the total score of insomnia severity index between the two groups (Z=-3.662, P=0.000). According to the stratified analysis of oxygen therapy, the total score of ISI between the two groups before and after the intervention was statistically different(t=3.877,P=0.000). Through intra group comparison, there was a significant difference in experimental group on the total score of ISI(Z= -4.247, P = 0.000) . There was no significant difference in the scores of SDS, SAS and Kolcaba Comfort scale between the two groups before and after the intervention (P > 0.05); there was a significant difference in experimental group of anxiety scale before and after the intervention (z = -2.673, P = 0.008). Conclusion Auricular acupoint compression can effectively improve the symptoms of insomnia in covid-19 patients, and improve the anxiety caused by insomnia in covid-19 patients. Auricular acupoint compression technique is worth promoting and applying.

      • Ching Ting Kwok

        Publication date:2021-01-06, DOI:10.6729/MJN.202012_19(2).004

        Classification :Specialist nursing-hygienic and health care

        Abstract:The Macao government attaches great importance to the anti-epidemic measures of the novel coronavirus pneumonia (coronavirus disease 2019, COVID-19). It had taken steps to deal with COVID-19 even before the ?rst case was detected, and formulated stricter rules after the occurrence of several imported cases. These measures were to cut out the link of the epidemiological triangle, including: 1) controlling the infection source. Macao government quickly established a multi-sectoral response coordination team to isolate potential cases and detect cases early by closely tracing arrivals from outside Macao; 2) stopping the route of transmission. The government implemented a mask supply plan, shut down entertainment venues during the peak of the epidemic, and used public media to disseminate anti-COVID-19 information, such as maintaining social distance and frequent hand wash; 3) protecting susceptible people. The government took a series of measures to protect minors, the elderly in institutions and workers in medical institutions from infection. While Macao has done a better job in ?ghting COVID-19 than some of the neighboring regions, it is not a perfect performer. Suggestions for addressing weaknesses Macao has shown in the ?ght are o?ered in the article.

      • CHEN Lin, ZHOU Jing, YAO Xueming, MA Wukai, SHEN Haiyan, HAN Shan

        Publication date:2020-07-13, DOI:10.12209/issn2708-3845.20200713004

        Classification :Nursing-nursing and other disciplines

        Abstract:目的 系统评价中药外敷联合西药治疗类风湿关节炎的临床效果,为其临床治疗及研究提供循证参考。方法 计算机检索中国知网(CNKI)、中国生物医学文献数据库(CBM)、万方数据库、维普数据库(VIP)中的相关文献,对符合纳入标准的研究进行资料提取后,采用Rev Man 5.3进行Meta分析。结果 共纳入文献27篇,总样本量2481例,Meta分析结果显示,中药外敷联合西药治疗组与单纯西药治疗组相比能提高治疗效果 [OR=3.33,95%CI(2.59,4.28),Z=9.44,P<0.05],且在症状体征如晨僵时间[OR=-17.36,95%CI(-23.62,-11.10),Z=5.43,P<0.05],疼痛缓解情况 [OR=-1.34,95%CI(-2.13,-0.05),Z=3.34,P<0.05]以及实验室指标如类风湿因子[OR=-14.04,95%CI(-24.43,-6.66),Z=3.73,P<0.05]、C反应蛋白[OR=-5.90,95%CI(-8.11,-3.69),Z=5.23,P<0.05]、红细胞沉降率[OR=-6.03,95%CI(-8.26,-3.80),Z=5.29,P<0.05]方面,中药外敷联合西药治疗组均优于单纯西药治疗组,而在药物不良反应方面,两组差异无统计学意义[OR=1.14,95%CI(0.47,2.76),Z=0.30,P>0.05]。结论 国内研究显示,中药外敷联合西药治疗类风湿关节炎在缓解患者临床症状,改善患者病情方面效果显著,值得临床进一步推广与应用。

      • Song Ying

        Publication date:2021-01-07, DOI:10.12209/issn2708-3845.20210107003

        Classification :Specialist nursing-internal medical nursing

        Abstract:This paper reviewed the clinical data of a patient with hydrocele of tunica vaginalis and lesions in the epididymis. In addition to the psychological care and pain control, targeted nursing interventions on dysuresia, rehabilitation guidance and health education were carried out.

      • 马丽娜, 邓建华, 刘司春, 尚鹏翠, 杨明颖, 李媛媛, 牛丽丽, 吴春丽, 李玉欣

        Publication date:2021-01-18, DOI:10.12209/issn2708-3845.20210114002

        Classification :Traditional Chinese medicine nursing-internal medical nursing of TCM

        Abstract:目的:报告1例老年危重症患者伴皮肤褶皱性皮炎应用于艾灸的护理病例;方法:患者住院期间采用中医治疗艾灸,根据中医经络学说原理选穴,关元、中极、气海、肾俞、大肠俞、天枢、足三里以及局部皮肤损伤处予以施灸,每天一次,每穴位3分钟,皮肤损伤处每次15分钟予以施灸。结果:实施上述中医治疗操作后,皮肤损伤面积由6×9cm2范围缩小至全部愈合,出院随访半月,未见复发。结论:中医艾灸治疗有助于老年危重患者皮肤褶皱性皮炎的愈合,疗效显著,能提高护理质量,值得临床推广应用。

      • WANG Xuesong, ZHOU Yajing, YANG Yu, LI chenchen, FAN Yan, HU Shirong

        Publication date:2021-02-01, DOI:10.12209/issn2708-3845.20210130002

        Classification :Traditional Chinese medicine nursing-internal medical nursing of TCM

        Abstract:Objective To Summarize the key points of acupoint massage treatment and traditional Chinese medicine nursing for a patient with constipation due to qi deficiency after stroke. Methods A patient with constipation due to qi deficiency after stroke was selected in this hospital, and comprehensive nursing measures of meridian acupoint massage combined with traditional Chinese medicine were given to the symptoms. Results The patient"s symptoms were effectively relieved after meridian acupoint massage and traditional Chinese medicine nursing. Conclusion For patients with Qi deficiency and constipation after stroke, the degree of Qi deficiency should be evaluated before treatment. In addition to the application of general therapy, attention should be paid to supplementing the deficiency treatment. Combined with traditional Chinese medicine nursing measures can effectively improve the clinical symptoms of patients and speed up recovery.

      • Hao Ieng Cheong, Aimei Mao

        Publication date:2021-01-06, DOI:10.6729/MJN.202012_19(2).002

        Classification :Specialist nursing-community nursing

        Abstract:Because of Corona Virus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) has spread worldwide, Macao responded quickly to this new infectious disease and has enacted a range of preventive strategies since January 2020, aiming to curtain imported cases as well as community transmissions. As of August 7, 2020, there were 44 imported cases, 2 import-related ones, and no community-transmitted ones in Macao, re?ecting the e?ectiveness of the preventive strategies. This article describes the measures taken by the Macao government to prevent the community transmissions, including supply of masks for all residents, disseminations of preventive measures through multiple channels, restrictions of cross-border ?ow of people, and prevention of unnecessary gatherings. These strategies received well responses from the public. However, in the context of normalization of the epidemic situation, it is necessary for the Macao government and residents to review the current strategies and identify the weaknesses so that improvement can be made. Only when continuous e?orts from the whole community are made, can Macao maintain a record of no community-transmitted cases, when there are re-surges of COVID-19 cases in the neighboring regions.

      • Xu ling, Li Huafen, Wang Jianlin, Xue Minfen, Zhang Wei, Qu Zhi

        Publication date:2020-06-30, DOI:10.12209/issn2708-3845.20200630001

        Classification :Traditional Chinese medicine nursing-TCM nursing and others

        Abstract:Objective ToSobserveStheSeffectSof Chinese herbal immersion in prevention and treatment of hand-foot syndrome caused by apatinib. Methods From Jan 2016 to Dec 2017, 157 patients with esophageal carcinoma and intestinal carcinoma treated with apatinib were randomly divided into Chinese medicine group (n=72), in which their hands and feet were immersed in Chinese herbal liquid twice a day; and control group (n=85), in which their hands and feet were immersed in warm water twice a day. Then we compared the incidence and severity of hand-foot syndrome between the groups. Results Among all the patients the incidence of I, II and III degree hand-foot syndrome were 12.7%, 10.2% and 6.4%, respectively. The rates of I, II, III degree hand-foot syndrome in Chinese medicine group and control group were 8.3%, 6.9%, 4.2% and 16.5%, 11.0%, 10.1%, respectively, and the rate in control group was higher than that in Chinese medicine group(P=0.015). Conclusion Chinese herbal immersion could reduce the incidence and severity of hand-foot syndrome for cancer patients treated with apatinib, which was valuable to be applied in clinics.

      • Qin Guilian, Hu Xiaohong, Guo Hongbo

        Publication date:2020-10-16, DOI:10.12209/issn2708-3845.20201016001

        Classification :Specialist nursing-surgery nursing

        Abstract:气管插管是麻醉科医师为手术患者进行全麻术时,常用的一种维持患者气道通畅的方法,咽喉痛是气管插管全麻术后常见的气道并发症。本文从现代医学和传统中医学的干预,对气管插管全麻术后患者咽喉痛的护理进行综述,为提高气管插管全麻术后患者咽喉痛的治疗护理提供参考。

      • Yang Ping

        Publication date:2020-10-10, DOI:10.12209/issn2708-3845.20201009003

        Classification :Nursing-nursing management

        Abstract:2019年12月某市爆发了新型冠状病毒肺炎,随着疫情的进展以及危重患者的增长,越来越多危重患者除了需要新冠肺炎的治疗以外还需要其他特殊治疗,如血液净化治疗。新冠肺炎具有极强的传染性,血液净化治疗过程如何进行防护及感染控制尤为重要。本文将结合临床实践及血液净化技术相关知识,基于鱼骨图分析法,明确血液净化治疗过程中可能产生的风险,并在此基础上制定出新型冠状病毒肺炎患者安全管理策略和相关防护措施,为血液净化治疗的安全实施提供参考。

      • 韩晓苇, , , and

        Publication date:2020-06-04, DOI:10.12209/issn2708-3845.20200602002

        Classification :Specialist nursing-physiotherapy and nursing

        Abstract:Objective:To observe the effects of the combination of calming foot bath and hemodialysis on sleep quality,dialysis quality,hypersensitive c-reactive protein(hs-CRP),interleukin-6 (IL-6)and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α)in patients with sleep disorders. Methods:According to the random number table method,60 patients with maintenance hemodialysis and sleep disorder were divided into study group and control group,30 cases each. The control group was given psychological nursing care and basic blood purification treatment.The team on the basis of psychological nursing,3 times per week Hemodiafiltration (HDF) treatment and calming foot bath. Both groups were treated for 2 months. The PSQI score,K-T/V score,hs-CRP,IL-6 and TNF-α of the two groups before and after intervention were compared. Results:(1)Before intervention,the PSQI score,K-T/V score ,hs-CRP,IL-6 and TNF-α of the two groups of patients were compared,and the differences were not statistically significant(P>0.05);(2)After intervention,K-T/V score of patients in both groups was higher than that before intervention(P<0.05);the PSQI score ,hs-CRP,IL-6 and TNF-α of patients in both groups were lower than that before intervention(P<0.05);(3)After intervention,K-T/V score of the study group was higher than that of the control group (P<0.05);the PSQI score ,hs-CRP,IL-6 and TNF-α of the study group were lower than that of the control group(P<0.05). Conclusion:The combination of calming foot bath and hemodiafiltration can improve the sleep quality,dialysis quality and immune function of hemodialysis patients.

      • WEN Caoli, LI Haiting, JIA Sansan

        Publication date:2020-05-28, DOI:10.12209/issn2708-3845.NursRxiv20200528001

        Classification :Nursing-nursing management

        Abstract:ABSTRACT: Objective? To explore the status quo of readiness for hospital discharge, pain degree and its correlation in patients with lumbar disc herniation (LDH). Methods? Totally 196 LDH patients were investigated with Readiness for Hospital Discharge Scale (RHDS) and Numerical Rating Scale for pain (NRS). Data obtained was analyzed by Pearson correlation analysis. Results? The total score of RHDS in LDH patients was (94.17±8.56), and average scores of each dimension from high to low was person status, excepted support and coping ability.? The score of NRS was (6.10±0.30) at hospital admission and was (1.70±0.50) 4 hours before hospital discharge, with a significant difference (t=1.892,P<0.05) . The total score of RHDS and scores of each dimension were negatively correlated with the NRS score of pain 4 hours before hospital discharge (P<0.05). Conclusions? The LDH patients had a high level of readiness for hospital discharge and a low level of pain relief before discharge. The medical staff should pay more attention to the readiness of patients with lumbar disc herniation, help them to relieve pain and promote their recovery.

      • Qin Guilian, Hu Xiaohong, Guo Hongbo

        Publication date:2020-10-16, DOI:10.12209/issn2708-3845.20201016001

        Classification :Specialist nursing-surgery nursing

        Abstract:气管插管是麻醉科医师为手术患者进行全麻术时,常用的一种维持患者气道通畅的方法,咽喉痛是气管插管全麻术后常见的气道并发症。本文从现代医学和传统中医学的干预,对气管插管全麻术后患者咽喉痛的护理进行综述,为提高气管插管全麻术后患者咽喉痛的治疗护理提供参考。

      • Li Jing, Xie Xiaolei, Zhao Nan, Song Libo, Jing Jing, Liao Juan

        Publication date:2020-07-25, DOI:10.12209/issn2708-3845.20200723002

        Classification :Traditional Chinese medicine nursing-internal medical nursing of TCM

        Abstract:Objective To explore the influence of auricular point pressing with bean on insomnia in patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Method All patients with COVID-19 suffering from insomnia who were coming from the South-first-district and general-five-district inpatient wards of Jin Yintan hospital, Wu Han from February to March, 2020. Sixty-two patients were included in the study. Based on the conventional treatment, using auricular point pressing with bean in experimental group, while only using conventional treatment in control group. The auricular acupoints in one ear were selected with heart, shenmen, sympathetic, neurasthenia, upper lung, lower lung, and anti-asthma etc., twice a week for 14 days. The general information questionnaire was used to evaluate the general condition of the patients before the intervention. The insomnia severity index (ISI), self-rating Depression Scale (SDS), self-rating Anxiety Scale (SAS) and Kolcaba Comfort Scale were used to evaluate the severity of insomnia, depression, anxiety and comfort status before and after the intervention. Results In general data of patients, there was a statistically significant difference on oxygen therapy between groups (χ2= 12.579, P = 0.000). Before and after the intervention, there was a significant difference on the total score of insomnia severity index between the two groups (Z=-3.662, P=0.000). According to the stratified analysis of oxygen therapy, the total score of ISI between the two groups before and after the intervention was statistically different(t=3.877,P=0.000). Through intra group comparison, there was a significant difference in experimental group on the total score of ISI(Z= -4.247, P = 0.000) . There was no significant difference in the scores of SDS, SAS and Kolcaba Comfort scale between the two groups before and after the intervention (P > 0.05); there was a significant difference in experimental group of anxiety scale before and after the intervention (z = -2.673, P = 0.008). Conclusion Auricular acupoint compression can effectively improve the symptoms of insomnia in covid-19 patients, and improve the anxiety caused by insomnia in covid-19 patients. Auricular acupoint compression technique is worth promoting and applying.

      • Xu ling, Li Huafen, Wang Jianlin, Xue Minfen, Zhang Wei, Qu Zhi

        Publication date:2020-06-30, DOI:10.12209/issn2708-3845.20200630001

        Classification :Traditional Chinese medicine nursing-TCM nursing and others

        Abstract:Objective ToSobserveStheSeffectSof Chinese herbal immersion in prevention and treatment of hand-foot syndrome caused by apatinib. Methods From Jan 2016 to Dec 2017, 157 patients with esophageal carcinoma and intestinal carcinoma treated with apatinib were randomly divided into Chinese medicine group (n=72), in which their hands and feet were immersed in Chinese herbal liquid twice a day; and control group (n=85), in which their hands and feet were immersed in warm water twice a day. Then we compared the incidence and severity of hand-foot syndrome between the groups. Results Among all the patients the incidence of I, II and III degree hand-foot syndrome were 12.7%, 10.2% and 6.4%, respectively. The rates of I, II, III degree hand-foot syndrome in Chinese medicine group and control group were 8.3%, 6.9%, 4.2% and 16.5%, 11.0%, 10.1%, respectively, and the rate in control group was higher than that in Chinese medicine group(P=0.015). Conclusion Chinese herbal immersion could reduce the incidence and severity of hand-foot syndrome for cancer patients treated with apatinib, which was valuable to be applied in clinics.

      • CHEN Lin, ZHOU Jing, YAO Xueming, MA Wukai, SHEN Haiyan, HAN Shan

        Publication date:2020-07-13, DOI:10.12209/issn2708-3845.20200713004

        Classification :Nursing-nursing and other disciplines

        Abstract:目的 系统评价中药外敷联合西药治疗类风湿关节炎的临床效果,为其临床治疗及研究提供循证参考。方法 计算机检索中国知网(CNKI)、中国生物医学文献数据库(CBM)、万方数据库、维普数据库(VIP)中的相关文献,对符合纳入标准的研究进行资料提取后,采用Rev Man 5.3进行Meta分析。结果 共纳入文献27篇,总样本量2481例,Meta分析结果显示,中药外敷联合西药治疗组与单纯西药治疗组相比能提高治疗效果 [OR=3.33,95%CI(2.59,4.28),Z=9.44,P<0.05],且在症状体征如晨僵时间[OR=-17.36,95%CI(-23.62,-11.10),Z=5.43,P<0.05],疼痛缓解情况 [OR=-1.34,95%CI(-2.13,-0.05),Z=3.34,P<0.05]以及实验室指标如类风湿因子[OR=-14.04,95%CI(-24.43,-6.66),Z=3.73,P<0.05]、C反应蛋白[OR=-5.90,95%CI(-8.11,-3.69),Z=5.23,P<0.05]、红细胞沉降率[OR=-6.03,95%CI(-8.26,-3.80),Z=5.29,P<0.05]方面,中药外敷联合西药治疗组均优于单纯西药治疗组,而在药物不良反应方面,两组差异无统计学意义[OR=1.14,95%CI(0.47,2.76),Z=0.30,P>0.05]。结论 国内研究显示,中药外敷联合西药治疗类风湿关节炎在缓解患者临床症状,改善患者病情方面效果显著,值得临床进一步推广与应用。

      • BAI Xiaowen, LIANG Xiaoyu, SUN Longhao, HU Fang, WANG Jingzhen

        Publication date:2020-08-12, DOI:10.12209/issn2708-3845.20200811003

        Classification :Specialist nursing-surgery nursing

        Abstract:目的 调查减重术后患者随访需求,为优化减重术后随访程序提供参考。 方法 采用半结构化访谈,对18名减重术后患者进行深入访谈。采用Colaizzi现象学研究法分析资料、提炼主题。 结果 本研究提炼出4个主题,即:特殊时期患者对随访的需求更高;随访内容的需求;随访方式需求多样;卫生服务资源需求。 结论 应进一步加强减重术后相关知识的宣力度,建立以个案护理模式和多学科管理相结合为基础的随访体系,加强医患间沟通交流,深入了解患者的需求,有针对性的提供干预措施,提高随访依从性。

    Chinese name:中西医结合护理(预印本)
    English name:Integrative Nursing Preprint
    Website:www.nursrxiv.org.cn
    Operations management:中西医结合护理杂志社
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